What Is Civil Litigation?
When there is a legal dispute involving 2 or more parties seeking money or another specific performance rather than criminal sanctions. civil litigation is the result.
There will be a trial, so a judge or jury can decide the matter.
A lawyer who specializes in civil litigation is known as a “litigator”. He/she represents clients across a broad spectrum of associated proceedings, including depositions, pretrial hearings, as well as arbitration or mediation before administrative agencies or court personnel.
Arbitration and mediation are processes that attempt to guide the parties toward settlement without the time and expense of going to court.
Types of Civil Litigation
Civil litigation encompasses a broad range of disputes. McNeil Law Firm can represent you in the following areas of civil litigation
- Family law
- Business Law & Contracts
- Landlord/tenant disputes
- Employment and labor disputes
- Real estate lawsuits
Civil litigation can be loosely defined as a legal process in which criminal charges and penalties are not at issue.
A Civil Litigation attorney is an advocate for his client and is obligated to fight for him to achieve the best possible outcome on the client’s behalf.
Life Cycle of a Typical Civil Litigation Case
There are several stages of civil litigation which can be divided into several stages, including:
- Pretrial proceedings
- Potential settlement
Discovery is generally the longest and most labor-intensive stage of a case and involves the exchange of information pertinent to the case through depositions, interrogatories, and subpoenas.
The latter are demands for information or documents from third parties. Depositions and interrogatories involve questions posed under penalty of perjury to the parties in a lawsuit.
Deposition questions are posed orally under oath.
Interrogatories are written questions.
The majority of lawsuits never reach the courtroom and are settle by agreement of the parties.
Parties can settle during a trial, even after a jury has begun deliberating or has delivered a verdict.
They can settle or “stipulate” to some aspects of the lawsuit, leaving others in the hands of the judge or jury.
When a case does go all the way to trial, the entire process, from filing documents with the court to initiate the case through resolution, can take anywhere from a few months to several years.